代写 Deakin MAE101 – Economic Principles

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  • 代写 Deakin MAE101 – Economic Principles

    MAE101 – Economic Principles
    Individual Assignment
    Due date: Monday, 2 May 2016
    Worth 25% of your overall assessment
    1 Instructions:
    • An electronic copy 1 must be submitted in CloudDeakin by 11.59pm on the due
    date. Penalties 2 apply to late submissions unless prior arrangements have been
    made by the Unit Chair.
    • You must attach an assignment attachment sheet 3 , which includes a plagiarism
    declaration: see the unit guide for details. Please note that digital signature of
    the plagiarism declaration IS acceptable.
    • Digital literacy is one of the Deakin’s Graduate Learning outcomes and among
    the Unit Learning Outcomes of MAE101. It requires the students to be capa-
    ble of using modern technologies to find, use and disseminate information. To
    achieve this goal, it is required that ALL contents of your assignment should be
    digitally produced, including explanations, diagrams, and mathematical deriva-
    1 All assignments are to be submitted online in the assignment dropbox in CloudDeakin. They are counted as
    time at http://www.whitepages.com.au/wp/helpfulInfo.do?category=info&item=worldTime.
    2 See the unit guide for details.
    3 The attachment sheet is available under the Assignment folder in CloudDeakin.
    tions, etc 4 .
    To receive full marks you must show clear development and expression of economic
    ideas in clear paragraphs in addition to the correct answers. You may use dot-points or out-
    lines to develop your thinking, but then re-write them into proper sentences and paragraphs.
    Please use 12pt sized font and double-space format. You must cite all ideas that are not
    your own. You should use the Harvard (name-date) referencing style, to cite any source
    you use – perhaps to confirm your results with the text. It means that, rather than placing a
    reference in a footnote, you should provide reference of the work inside the text with the
    name of the author and the date of publication of the work cited. Example:
    Far from being the inventor of the idea of perfect competition, Adam Smith
    was in fact among the last representative of economists who saw competition
    as a dynamic process of rivalry (McNulty 1967).
    This means you are citing a 1967 article authored by someone called McNulty as the source
    of the idea in the sentence. You would then list that article in a list of references at the end
    of your paper:
    • McNulty, Paul J. 1967. “A Note on the History of Perfect Competition,” Journal of
    Political Economy 75(4): 395-399 (August)
    There are many ways to run the details of a name-date style. You should pick up only
    one style and use it consistently. Please see the Harvard webpage put out by Student Life
    not just quote chunks of the text – you must express your answer in your own words.
    4 Instructions and video clips on how to use computers to generate graphs and mathematical expressions can
    be found on CloudDeakin unit website in the assessment folder.
    You may study with other students, discuss the assignments with whomever you wish
    and even outline answers with others. However, you must write this assignment on your
    own. Software will check each assignment for plagiarism and collusion, which are ex-
    plained in our Unit Guide. Severe disciplinary measures could be taken as explained in the
    Unit Guide. We realize that some sentences will occur in different students’ work because
    there are few ways to say them, e.g., “Price decreased from P 1 to P 2 .” However there should
    be few such matches between any two assignments, and even the process of resolving the
    case of accidentally matching someone else’s work can be time-consuming and upsetting.
    So, please do your own work. It is preparation for the exam.
    You must draw the diagrams by computer. A short video clip on how to draw graphs by
    in mind that your future employers will expect you to be able to work on computers and
    that hand-drawn diagrams are usually unacceptable in professional business documents.
    2 Questions:
    1. Opportunity cost is a key concept in Economics. The textbook defines the opportu-
    nity cost as the best alternative that must be given up to obtain some item. Use the
    opportunity cost concept to develop response to the following questions:
    (a) Suppose you are a music fan. Lucky enough, you won a free ticket to see a local
    rock-band concert tonight (with no resale value). There are two other concerts
    on the same night: one for Taylor Swift and the other for Katy Perry. These two
    concerts are the only other activities you are considering. The ticket prices for
    Taylor Swift and Katy Perry’s concerts are $90 and $85, respectively. And on
    any given day you would be willing to pay up to $110 to see Taylor Swift or
    $100 to see Katy Perry perform. In other words, if Taylor Swift tickets sold for
    more than $110, you would pass on the opportunity to see her even if you have
    nothing else to do. Similarly, you will pass on the opportunity to see Katy Perry
    if her concert costs you more than $100. There is no other cost of seeing any
    of these three concerts. According to the information provided, what is your
    opportunity cost of attending the local rock-band concert? Briefly explain your
    (b) Sally owns a local souvenir store. One of the most popular items in her shop
    is the opal bracelet she made. An opal bracelet costs Sally $28 on average, and
    is sold for $45. She unfortunately accepted a traveller’s cheque of $100 from a
    tourist who purchased two bracelets and gave him $10 change. Sally then gave
    the cheque to her landlord but it bounced so she had to get $100 cash from her
    bank account to pay her rent. The ongoing interest rate is 3.5%.
    i. How much money has Sally lost in this incident? Briefly explain your an-
    ii. Would your answer to the last question change if the opportunity cost is
    considered? If so, what is the opportunity cost of this incident? Briefly
    explain your answer.
    iii. Sally learns from this incident and decides to never accept any traveller’s
    cheques in the future. Is it a wise decision? Briefly explain your answer.
    2. During 2010–2011, a series of floods hit Australia, primarily in the eastern coast
    areas including Queensland and Victoria. At least 70 towns and over 200,000 people
    were directly affected. The estimated damage in Australia’s GDP is about $30 billion
    (ABC News Online, 18 January 2011). The floods also took a toll on the potato
    代写 Deakin MAE101 – Economic Principles
    industry. As a consequence, the potato market has received a lot of attention.
    (a) According to a study on the Australian potato market, at the price of $2.99 per
    kilogram, a regular household consumes about 7.6 kilograms of potatoes per
    month. The consumption of potatoes drops to 6.5 kilograms per month when
    the price is at $4.99 per kilogram.
    i. Based on this information, use the mid-point method to compute the price
    elasticity of demand for potatoes in a regular Australian household.
    ii. There are many ways to categorize the goods in the market. For example,
    there are normal goods and inferior goods, regular goods and Giffen goods,
    necessities and luxuries, etc. According to your answer in the last question,
    what type(s) of good does the potato belong to?
    iii. Some scholars argue that the estimate of the elasticity calculated in (i)
    might be unreliable. Briefly explain why.
    (b) Since potato is an important food for Australians, soaring potato prices could
    substantially affect the living standards of many households in Australia. In or-
    der to avoid the disastrous consequences, the Australian government can adopt
    some price control schemes. Suppose you have been provided with the follow-
    ing information regarding the demand and supply of potatoes:
    Q d = 9−0.5P
    Q s = −0.5+1.4P
    where Q d , Q s and P are the quantity demanded (in kilograms), the quantity
    supplied (in kilograms) and the market price (in dollars), respectively.
    i. Calculate the equilibrium price and quantity of potatoes.
    ii. Suppose the Australian government decides to impose a price ceiling of
    $4.00 per kilogram on potatoes, what will be the new market price and
    iii. What will happen to the market price and quantity if the price ceiling is set
    at $6.00 per kilogram on potatoes?
    (c) Starting from the equilibrium of the potato market given in the last question,
    use standard demand and supply analysis to answer the following questions:
    i. If the Australian government subsidizes consumers and gives one dollar
    for every kilogram of potatoes purchased, what are the expected effects of
    such a scheme on the equilibrium price and quantity of potatoes? (See Page
    137-140 of Gans et al., 2012, for a detailed discussion of subsidies).
    ii. If the Australian government subsidizes the potato-growers and gives one
    dollar for every kilogram of potatoes produced, what are the expected ef-
    fects of such a scheme on the equilibrium price and quantity of potatoes?
    iii. Instead of subsidizing only consumers or growers, if the Australian govern-
    ment decides to evenly split the subsidy to both parties, i.e., give 50 cents
    for every kilogram of potatoes purchased by the consumers, and another 50
    cents for every kilogram of potatoes produced by the growers, what are the
    expected effects of such a scheme on the equilibrium price and quantity of
    (d) Suppose an economist observes the following monthly data on the market price
    and quantity of potatoes purchased in Geelong during the year 2015:
    Month Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun.
    Price ($ per kilo) 2.99 2.52 2.90 3.15 3.69 3.44
    Quantity (tons) 342 357 345 321 300 334
    Month Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
    Price($ per kilo) 3.44 4.93 4.84 4.21 1.87 1.51
    Quantity (tons) 346 208 233 289 427 475
    Based on the data, the economist plots the observations on a graph below with
    quantity andprice on the horizontal and vertical axis respectively. He claims
    this graph approximates the demand curve (the solid straight line) for potatoes
    in Geelong for 2015. Do you agree with the economist’s claim? Explain your
    answer in details.
    3. A survey reported in 2009 reveals the following production conditions for Cyprus,
    Slovenia and Slovakia. An average Cypriot worker could produce either 5 units of
    wine or 12 units of rye in a year. An average Slovenian worker could make 7 unit of
    wine or 5 units of rye annually. In Slovakia, a typical worker could make 3 units of
    wine or 3 units of rye in a year.
    (a) Draw the Production Possibilities Frontiers (PPFs) for Cyprus, Slovenia, and
    Slovakia in terms of units of wine and rye in year 2009, placing the number of
    wine units on the vertical axis and the number of rye units on the horizontal
    axis. (Hint: You need information about these three countries to transform the
    individual productivity into the national productivity.)
    (b) After being accepted as members of the European Union (EU), Cyprus, Slove-
    nia, and Slovakia have joined a single market through a standardised system of
    laws that apply in all EU member states. Specifically, all three countries agreed
    to allow the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital. In other
    words, these three countries have become an economic community, with their
    individual markets for factors of production been integrated into a united one.
    Draw the community’s PPF, placing the number of wine units on the vertical
    axis and the number of rye units on the horizontal axis. Show your workings.
    (c) Australia adopts an immigration policy that favors applicants of certain occu-
    pations, such as accountants, cooks, and hairdressers. This policy has been crit-
    icised by many politicians and scholars for being discriminating and inefficient.
    Justify this policy by using the tool of PPF and the example given in (a) and (b).
    Can you develop some policy proposals to promote the fairness and efficiency
    of this policy? Why do you think they will work better than the current policy?
    3 Requirements:
    • Make sure that you are using correct referencing.
    • Read through your work prior to submission, checking your spelling and grammar.
    • All content is to be electronically generated.
    • No more than 2000 words in total excluding the tables, diagrams, and references.
    Gans, J., S. King, M. Byford and N. G. Mankiw (2015): “Principles of microeconomics,”
    6th editon, Cengage Learning Australia Pty Limited.
    -End of Assignment-
    代写 Deakin MAE101 – Economic Principles